Efficient Phage Display with Multiple Distinct Non‐Canonical Amino Acids Using Orthogonal Ribosome‐Mediated Genetic Code Expansion


Oller-Salvia, B.; Chin, J. W.


Phage display is a powerful approach for evolving proteins and peptides with new functions, but the properties of the molecules that can be evolved are limited by the chemical diversity encoded. Herein, we report a system for incorporating non‐canonical amino acids (ncAAs) into proteins displayed on phage using the pyrrolysyl‐tRNA synthetase/tRNA pair. We improve the efficiency of ncAA incorporation using an evolved orthogonal ribosome (riboQ1), and encode a cyclopropene‐containing ncAA (CypK) at diverse sites on a displayed single‐chain antibody variable fragment (ScFv), in response to amber and quadruplet codons. CypK and an alkyne‐containing ncAA are incorporated at distinct sites, enabling the double labeling of ScFv with distinct probes, through mutually orthogonal reactions, in a one‐pot procedure. These advances expand the number of functionalities that can be encoded on phage‐displayed proteins and provide a foundation to further expand the scope of phage display applications.








Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, 2019, vol. 58, no. 32, p. 10844-10848

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