Caracterización de genes implicados en la resistencia al oídio en melón y técnicas de edición genética en biotecnología vegetal


Serra Serra, Jaime 


From the beginnings of agriculture, there has been a need to improve crops to increase their productivity, improve their quality and other desired characteristics. What is now known as plant genetic engineering and plant biotechnology probably began through the selection of new crop types about 9500 years ago, when agricultural activities began. The promising results of the time were mainly caused by random events. In recent decades and until today, thanks to the knowledge of genetics and molecular techniques in biology, plant breeding has risen as one of the main milestones in the field of agriculture, with the aim of creating tailor-made crops with specific features. That is why, for years, there have been crops made to withstand extreme conditions (eg better tolerance to salt and drought), with more productive capacity, with higher quality and even with the ability to resist infections. and pests. This last feature is the focus of this work, as many plant pathogens are important limitations on crop yields and also cause huge losses worldwide for the agricultural sector. Powdery mildew, also known as "Powdery Mildew", is a fungal disease that affects thousands of plant species worldwide. There are factors that suggest that plant diseases are on the rise. It is known that in a wide variety of plant species there is a family of “Mildew Locus O” (MLO) genes that govern the plant’s susceptibility response to powdery mildew.



Riera Bonet, Marta
Leivar Rico, Pablo  


IQS SE - Undergraduate Program in Biotechnology