Caracterización de materiales de embalaje y protección de Bienes Culturales por FTIRM y SEM y determinación cromatográfica de COVs en los materiales y en espacios destinados a la Conservación de Patrimonio


Albert Tortosa, Francesc


There is a growing concern in the field of Conservation of Cultural Heritage to prevent and avoid potential damage on Cultural Property that is part of the collection of a museum. This Property can be either directly exhibited, or stored in the museum’s reserves. Among several actions that can be taken to minimize the risks, the study of both the materials used for the protection and packaging of Cultural Property and of the spaces intended for its exhibition and storage are fundamental.
This master thesis is a collaborative project between the Department of Restoration and Preventive Conservation of the Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya (MNAC) and the Section of Chromatography of the Department of Analytical and Applied Chemistry of IQS. The objectives of this thesis are the characterization and determination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in 17 materials used for protection and packaging of Cultural Property, and the determination of VOCs in the air of two spaces intended for the exhibition and storage of Cultural Property. The 17 materials have been characterized by Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (FTIRM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) techniques. Determination of VOCs has been carried out by headspace coupled to gas chromatography with detection by flame ionization and mass spectrometry (HS-GC-FID/MS). Gases emitted from the materials when heated for 5 h at 120 °C are studied by these techniques. The procedure followed is based on the Volkswagen PV 3341 test method. Determination of VOCs in spaces intended for the exhibition and storage of Cultural Property has been carried out by HS-GC-MS and GC-MS. VOCs are captured in passive samplers with different types of carbon as adsorbent material and are kept in contact with air for 27 days. Adsorbed compounds are desorbed with dimethylacetamide (DMA), and the resulting liquid extract is analyzed by HS-GC-MS and by direct injection in GC-MS to ensure detection of a wide range of volatilities.
Application of these chromatographic methods to the samples of materials has allowed for calculating the amount of VOCs emitted by the 17 materials and to identify 23
different compounds. In the other hand, analysis of the passive samplers has made it possible to identify 75 different compounds in the two sampling zones.



Margarit Roig, Lourdes
Broto Puig, Francesc 


IQS SE - Master’s Degree in Analytical Chemistry